Do Musicians Need a Record Label?

Record Label

I get asked this all the time. Do I need a record label to help my career? It used to be that a record deal was the holy grail of the music industry; the brass ring that all artists worked towards.

This is no longer the case. While record deals are still a vital part of the music industry, their role – and the role of the record labels offering them – has completely changed.

Record labels used to take the approach that for every artist that was a financial success, there would be nine failures. In other words, 10% of the artists paid for the 90% of artists that lost their labels money. In the glory days of record sales, there was enough revenue floating around for labels to hedge their bets and invest in artists over a period of years, with the hope that more artists would become financial successes.

This has all changed.

Looking For Traction

Record labels can no longer invest in artist development over long periods of time. And they are choosing to invest in fewer artists. Bottom line: labels can no longer afford to lose money on 90% of their signings. Bruce Springsteen took three albums and a great deal of investment to finally breakthrough in 1975. He would not likely be afforded such investment if he came along as a new artist today.

Simply put: record labels want to sign acts that are already developed. There are exceptions, but this is the general trend occurring in the industry.

This begs the question: if a record label is only interested in you once you’ve done all the heavy lifting, do you really need a record label in 2017?

To answer that, let’s look at what record labels can still provide you.

Let’s Talk About Money

First and foremost is funding. Record labels have always acted as the banks of the music industry, providing funding and investing in your career in ways that you cannot. In exchange, their charge an “interest rate” like a bank, in the form of record royalties, and increasingly, a piece of other revenue streams as well.

If you happen to have financial support from someone else, be it a rich uncle or a music-loving investor, then you need a record label-less. Many clients of mine that have achieved great financial success go on to create their own label, and reap the benefits of regaining control of their recordings.

Assuming you don’t have such financial backing, the need for a label increases. The cost of recording a professional-sounding album has definitely decreased in recent years, but it can still be considerable. The same goes for music videos. But if you have friends that are producers or videographers, or you can do it yourself, that makes you less reliant on label funding.


The second thing a record label provides is exposure. In the pre-Internet world, bands were much more dependant upon major label investment to gain exposure through old-world media outlets of print, television, and radio. This has all changed. While you still need these mediums to some degree, they are less of a barrier to entry when promoting your music. You don’t need a record label to get through the promotional bottleneck that all artists had to squeeze through previously. You will still need some funding to service your single to radio and to hire a publicist for print and TV, but these services can be obtained outside of the major label system.


The third major service provided by a record label is distribution. In the pre-Internet industry, this meant physical distribution of your record to stores. This is less important in 2017, with only the biggest musical artists receiving large-scale distribution to mega-chains like Wal-Mart and the like. You can release your record around the world with one click via services such as CD Baby. Of course, everyone else can do the same, meaning the real hurdle is not distribution but exposure.

As with anything, it’s a question of degree. Major labels are a different beast than indie labels, and there are many mid-size labels in between. They all offer different services and demand different things in exchange. It really depends on where you are at in your career and what you need to take it to the next level. The takeaway: you do not need a label to get to the next level.

As always, email me with questions along the way.

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10 Responses

  1. good morning my name is muhammad from S.A i have my own music group for 5 years but before that i was all ready in the industry we make afrikaans music and mix it with english we need a record label cus in our town music premothing and up lifthing are poor. so we like to ask how can you help us and stay in contact with us so that we can make a way


  2. Thanks for pointing out that the cost to make a professional sounding album is considerable, so it’s important to get a record label if you don’t have professional backing. My sister makes music and has been trying hard to get some traction lately. I think I’ll show her this article and encourage her to find a record label so she’ll have the best possible chance at being successful.

  3. Hi Kurt, I was wondering how much (rough average) do major record labels typically invest in a newly signed artist? Given they are no longer batting at 1 success in 10 investments, I guess the investment is much higher than before. Keen to hear you views!

    1. Hmm. It really depends! I’ve seen everything from a few thousand to over a million. Overall, the advances are actually lower than in the “golden era” of recorded music (i.e. before the Internet) because less people are buying records. But they can still get quite high if an artist is blowing up.

      Kurt Dahl
      Entertainment Lawyer

  4. Honestly, social media have dominated all forms of entertainment promotion or marketing as the case may be. In a case where the artist can leverage what these outlets can offer, I do not think there is much need for Record labels. This of course will produce more independent artists.

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