Perhaps the most important agreement a musician will sign in their career is an Artist Management Agreement. Managers have never played a more important role in the music industry than they do today, and your manager will likely have a greater impact on your career than any other person on your team (besides Kurt Dahl).
Why? Because they are involved in every single aspect of your career, from touring to releasing records to publishing. Your manager is the person who coordinates things between your record label, publicist, booking agent, publisher, and promoters. They are the quarterback of your music career, and if you are ready to take the next step in your music career, you probably need one.
Here are the principles you should familiarize yourself with before signing an Artist Management Agreement :
1) Do Some Research
If this is going to be the most important person in your music career, do some reconnaissance. What experience do they have? How many other bands are they managing? How much time will they realistically have to dedicate to your career? What connections can they bring to the table? Half of what you’re paying for is connections, and that goes for anyone on your team.
2) If You’re Not Making Money, Neither Should They
The Artist Management Agreement should allow your Manager to only make a commission on revenues you earn. If you don’t earn any revenues in a given period, neither should they. If your potential manager is asking for a weekly/monthly/yearly fee, that is a definite red flag.
3) The Shorter the Term, the Better
Almost all Artist Management Agreements come with an initial term, followed by one or more option periods. The shorter the term, the better for you as artist. If things are going great, you can always sign another agreement to extend things. But if your manager isn’t living up to your expectations, you’ll be able to cut ties sooner and find a better fit. The late, great David Bowie spent years in litigation (and millions in legal fees) because he fired his first two managers before the term was expired.
4) Beware the Sunset Clause
Related to the length of the term is the length of the post-term, known as the “sunset period”. This is a crucial aspect of any Artist Management Agreement. This is the period following the term where commissions are still payable to the manager, from contracts that he/she negotiated during the term. As with the term, the shorter the better, and the sunset commissions should be declining over time.
5) Know How Much is Being Commissioned
Managers commissions are typically between 15 to 20% of their artist’s gross income. Whether it’s 15% or 20% really depends on the level of the band and the bargaining power of each party.
6) Know What is Being Commissioned
As important as how much is being commissioned, is what is being commissioned. Certain funds you receive should be excluded from your manager’s commission, such as money received from your label to make music videos or record an album, money received as tour support, etc. The Artist Management Agreement should be clear on what can and cannot be commissioned.
7) Don’t Take Advice from the Manager’s Lawyer. Ever.
This might seem obvious but it happens more often than you’d think, and would be totally unacceptable anywhere else besides the music industry. If your manager doesn’t want you to obtain legal advice on the contract, that is a major red flag. This could be the most important contract you sign in your career; get proper legal advice.
Okay, I lied. There is more to know about Artist Management Agreements than what I covered here, but this is one heck of a start. The most important thing to consider before working with a manager: what does your gut instinct say about the person? That’s as significant as any legal clause, and is where you should begin. All the negotiating in the world won’t leave you with someone you enjoy working with on a daily basis. Once that box has been checked, take the contract to an experienced entertainment lawyer, and create a deal that opens rather than closes doors for you.